The Rann of Kutch, as the name suggests, is located in the Kutch district of Gujarat in India and the Sindh province in Pakistan. It forms the lower extent of Thar Desert and is a large area of about 7,505.22 square kilometres (2,897.78 sq mi) of seasonal salty marshland. It is also known to be one of the largest salt deserts in the world. Under the moonlight, specially on a full moon night, the Rann presents a sepectacular view of boundless sparkling white stretch of flat land, a breathtaking unique creation of nature.
Once this area was a shallow part of the Arabian Sea. Geographical land movements had cut it off from the sea forming a great salt lake. Eventually the lake and the river that drained into it dried up forming a desert of salty clay. This area gets flooded with standing water during the monsoon rains and forms a breeding ground for large flocks of flamingos. Other wildlife in this area are Indian wild ass and blackbucks that takes shelter on higher areas called bets. Part of the rann of kutch are thorny scrubland that support the wildlife here.
Being part of the desert, temperatures in this region range from 50℃ during summer to below 0℃ during winters. The most interesting phenomena of the seasonal wetlands of Rann and the neighbouring Banni grasslands, are the Chir Batti or ghost lights. They are seen as bright balls of blue, red or yellow colour dancing lights during dark nights.
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