Rajasthan, literally means 'The Land of the Kings'. This north-western state of India, although the largest by area, comprises mostly of inhospitable desert, the 'Thar Desert' or 'Great Indian Desert'. The desert lies in the rain-shadow region of the ancient mountains of Aravalli range that runs across the state from northeast to southwest. The other side of the Aravallis is quite fertile and consists of the dry deciduous forest of teak, acacia etc. The state receives scanty rainfall and has temperatures ranging from 54℃ or 129 degrees Fahrenheit in summer to below freezing point in winter.
Rajasthan, the state of Rajputs, has a glorious history of many independent kingdoms and valiant kings. Stories of the heroic deeds of the princes and pricesses of Rajasthan are famous in Indian history. These kingdoms and kings are responsible for the rich cultural, architectural and artistic heritage of the state of rajasthan. Its rich heritage is visible through its numerous forts, palaces, baths and temples. The effects of Islamic and Jain culture is also visible in its heritage and lifestyle. Some part of the state also has ruins from the ancient Indus Valley Civilization. Parts of Rajasthan is also famous for the many wealthy businessmen who hail from here.